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2016同等学力考试英语阅读理解经典练习(2)

Passage 1

  Two hours from the tall buildings of Manhattan and Philadelphia live some of the world’s largest black bears. They are in northern Pennsylvania’s Pocono Mountains, a home they share with an abundance of other wildlife.
 
  The streams, lakes, meadows (草地), mountain ridges and forests that make the Poconos an ideal place for black bears have also attracted more people to the region. Open spaces are threatened by plans for housing estates and important habitats (栖息地) are endangered by highway construction. To protect the Poconos natural beauty from irresponsible development, the Nature Conservancy (大自然保护协会) named the area one of America’s “Last Great Places”.
 
  Operating out of a century-old schoolhouse in the village of Long Pond, Pennsylvania, the conservancy’s bud Cook is working with local people and business leaders to balance economic growth with environmental protection. By forging partnerships with people like Francis Altemose, the Conservancy has been able to protect more than 14,000 acres of environmentally important land in the area.
 
  Altemose’s family has farmed in the Pocono area for generations. Two years ago Francis worked with the Conservancy to include his farm in a county farmland protection program. As a result, his family’s land can be protected from development and the Altemoses will be better able to provide a secure financial future for their 7-year-old grandson.
 
  Cook attributes the Conservancy’s success in the Poconos to having a local presence and a commitment to working with local residents
 
  “The key to protecting these remarkable lands is connecting with the local community,” Cook said. “The people who live there respect the land. They value quiet forests, clear streams and abundant wildlife. They are eager to help with conservation effort.
 
  For more information on how you can help the Nature Conservancy protect the Poconos and the world’s other “Last Great Places,” please call 1-888-564 6864 or visit us on the World Wide Web at www.tnc.org.

重点核心词汇:
 
  1.abundance n.丰富,充裕
 
  2.abundant a.大量的,丰富的
 
  3.meadow n.草地
 
  4.ridge n.脊,山脊,山脉
 
  5.attract vt.吸引
 
  6.threaten v.威胁,恐吓,
 
  7.estate n.财产,遗产,房地产
 
  8.habitat n.栖息地,产地
 
  9.endanger vt.危及,危害
 
  10.forge vt.锻造,伪造vi.稳步前进
 
  11.attribute...to归因于
 
  12.commitment n.承诺,保证,信奉,献身,委任,交押
 
  13.remarkable adj.非凡的,值得注意的,显著的
 
  14.conservation n.保存,保护
1 . The purpose in naming the Poconos as one of America’s “Last Great Places” is to ________.
A gain support from the local community
B protect it from irresponsible development
C make it a better home for black bears
D provide financial security for future generations
2 . We learn from the passage that ________.
A the population in the Pocono area is growing
B wildlife in the Pocono area is dying out rapidly
C the security of the Pocono residents is being threatened
D farmlands in the Pocono area are shrinking fast
3 . What is important in protecting the Poconos according to Cook?
A The setting up of an environmental protection website
B Support from organizations like The Nature Conservancy
C Cooperation with the local residents and business leaders
D Inclusion of farmlands in the region’s protection program
4 . What does Bud Cook mean by “having a local presence” (Line 1, Para. 5)?
A Financial contributions from local business leaders
B Consideration of the interests of the local residents
C The establishment of a wildlife protection foundation in the area
D The setting up of a local Nature Conservancy branch in the Pocono area
5 . The passage most probably is ________.
A an official document
B a news story
C an advertisement
D a research report

Passage 2

  Just five one-hundredths of an inch thick, light golden in color and with a perfect “saddle curl,” the Lay’s potato chip seems an unlikely weapon for global domination. But its maker. Frito-Lay. Thinks otherwise. “Potato chips are a snack food for the world,” said Salman Amin, the company’s head of global marketing. Amin believes there is no corner of the world that can resist the charms of a Frito-Lay potato chip.
 
  Frito-Lay is the biggest snack maker in America, owned by PepsiCo. And accounts for over half of the parent company’s $3 billion annual profits. But the U.S. snack food market is largely saturated, and to grow, the company has to look overseas.
 
  Its strategy rests on two beliefs: first a global product offers economies of scale with which local brands cannot compete. And second, consumers in the 21st century are drawn to “global” as a concept. “Global” does not mean products that are consciously identified as American, but ones than consumes-especially young people-see as part of a modem, innovative (创新的) world in which people are linked across cultures by shared beliefs and tastes. Potato chips are an American invention, but most Chinese, for instance, do not know than Frito-Lay is an American company. Instead, Riskey, the company’s research and development head, would hope they associate the brand with the new world of global communications and business.
 
  With brand perception a crucial factor, Riskey ordered a redesign of the Frito-Lay logo (标识). The logo, along with the company’s long-held marketing image of the “irresistibility” of its chips, would help facilitate the company’s global expansion.
 
  The executives acknowledge that they try to swing national eating habits to a food created in America, but they deny that amounts to economic imperialism. Rater, they see Frito-Lay as spreading the benefits of free enterprise across the world. “We’re making products in those countries, we’re adapting them to the tastes of those countries, building businesses and employing people and changing lives,” said Steve Reinemund, PepsiCo’s chief executive.

重点核心词汇:
 
  1.saddle n.鞍,车座
 
  2.domination n.支配,控制,管辖
 
  3.otherwise adv.否则,不同地,在不同方面adj.不同的
 
  4.resist v.抵制,抵抗,反抗,忍住5.account for vt.(在数量方面)占,说明(原因等),对...负责
 
  6.annual a.每年的,年度的
 
  7.saturated a.饱和的
 
  8.strategy n.战略,策略
 
  9.rest on 依靠
 
  10.consciously 有意识地,自觉地
 
  11.identify vt.鉴定,识别,认明vi.认同,感同身受
 
  12.innovative a.创新的
 
  13.associate...with 与...联想在一起
 
  14.perception n.观念,洞察力,认识能力
 
  15.crucial adj.决定性的,关键的
 
  16.logo n.商标
 
  17.image n.印象,形象,影像,图像,肖像
 
  18.irresistibility n.不能抵抗,难敌
 
  19.facilitate vt.促进,帮助,使...容易
 
  20.expansion n.膨胀,扩展,扩充
 
  21.executive adj.行政的,决策的,经营的n.执行者,主管,行政部门
 
  22.acknowledge vt.承认,告知收到,公认,表示感谢,注意到
 
  23.swing n.摇摆,改变,冲力,秋千v.摇摆,旋转,动摇
 
  24.deny vt.否认,拒绝承认
 
  25.amount to总计,等于
 
  26. adapt to 适应于...
6 . It is the belief of Frito-Lay’s head of global marking that ________.
A potato chips can hardly be used as a weapon to dominate the world market
B their company must find new ways to promote domestic sales
C the light golden color enhances the charm of their company’s potato chips
D people the world over enjoy eating their company’s potato chips
7 . What do we learn about Frito-Lay from Paragraph 2?
A  Its products use to be popular among overseas consumers.
B Its expansion has caused fierce competition in the snack marker.
C It gives half of its annual profits to its parent company.
D It needs to turn to the word market for development.
8 . One of the assumptions on which Frito-Lay bases its development strategy is that ________.
A consumers worldwide today are attracted by global brands
B ocal brands cannot compete successfully with American brands
C products suiting Chinese consumers’ needs bring more profits
D products identified as American will have promising market value
9 . Why did Riskey have the Frito-Lay logo redesigned?
A To suit changing tastes of young consumers.
B To promote the company’s strategy of globalization.
C To change the company’s long-held marketing image.
D To compete with other American chip producers.
10 . Frito-Lay’s executives claim that the promoting of American food in the international market ________.
A won’t affect the eating habits of the local people
B will lead to economic imperialism
C will be in the interest of the local people
D won’t spoil the taste of their chips

Passage 3

  In communities north of Denver, residents are pitching in to help teachers and administrators as the Vrain school District tries to solve a $13.8 million budget shortage blamed on mismanagement. “We’re worried about our teachers and principals, and we really don’t want to lose them because of this,” one parent sail. “If we can help ease their financial burden, we will.
 
  Teachers are grateful, but know it may be years before the district is solvent (有综合能力的). They feel really good about the parent support, but they realize it’s impossible for then to solve this problem.
 
  The 22,000-student district discovered the shortage last month. “It’s extraordinary. Nobody would have imagined something happening like this at this level,” said State Treasurer Mike Coffman.
 
  Coffman and district officials last week agreed on a state emergency plan freeing yp a $9.8 million loan that enabled the payroll (工资单) to be met for 2,700 teachers and staff in time for the holidays.
 
  District officials also took $1.7 million from student-activity accounts its 38 schools.
 
  At Coffman’s request, the District Attorney has begun investigating the district’s finances. Coffman says he wants to know whether district officials hid the budget shortage until after the November election, when voters approved a $212 million bond issue for schools.
 
  In Frederick, students’ parents are buying classroom supplies and offering to pay for groceries and utilities to keep first-year teachers and principals in their jobs.
 
  Some $36,000 has been raised in donations from Safeway. A Chevrolet dealership donated $10,000 and forgave the district’s $10,750 bill for renting the driver educating cars. IBM contributed 4,500 packs of paper.
 
  “We employ thousands of people in this community,” said Mitch Carson, a hospital chief executive, who helped raise funds. “We have children in the school, and we see how they could be affected.”
 
  At Creek High School, three students started a website that displays newspaper articles, district information and an email forum (论坛)。 “Rumors about what’s happening to the district are moving at lighting speed,” said a student. “We wanted to know the truth, and spread that around instead.”

重点核心词汇:
 
  1.budget n.预算 vt.编预算,为...做预算
 
  2.shortage n.不足,缺少
 
  3.mismanagement n.管理不善,处理不当
 
  4.principal adj.主要的,首要的n.本金,资本,校长
 
  5.grateful adj.感激的,令人愉快的
 
  6.emergency n.突发事件,紧急状态adj.应急的,紧急的
 
  7.investigate v.调查,研究
 
  8.approve v.批准,赞成,同意,称许
 
  9.bond n.债券,结合,联系vt.使结合
 
  10.utility n.效用,实用,公用事业
 
  11.donation n.捐款,捐赠
 
  12.contribute vt.捐助,投稿vi.投稿,贡献,是原因之一(to)
 
  13.forum n.论坛
 
  14.rumor n.流言
11 . What has happened to the Vrain School District?
A A huge financial problem has arisen.
B Many schools there are mismanaged.
C Lots of teachers in the district are planning to quit.
D Many administrative personnel have been laid off.
12 . How did the residents in the Vrain School District respond to the budget shortage?
A They felt somewhat helpless about it.
B They accused those responsible for it.
C They pooled their efforts to help solve it.
D They demanded a through investigation.
13 . In the view of State Treasurer Mike Coffman, the educational budget shortage is ________.
A unavoidable
B unthinkable
C insolvable
D irreversible
14 . Why did Coffman request an investigation?
A To see if there was a deliberate cover-up of the problem.
B To find out the extent of the consequences of the case.
C To make sure that the school principals were innocent.
D To stop the voters approving the $212 million bong issue.
15 . Three high school students started a website in order to ________.
A attract greater public attention to their needs
B appeal to the public for contributions and donations
C expose officials who neglected their duties
D keep people properly informed of the crisis
考试时间:45分钟
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考试题目
Passage 1
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Passage 2
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Passage 3
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