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2016年同等学力申硕考试英语语法词汇练习

选择题

单项选择题,请从A、B、C、D中选择正确的答案。
1 . Anyone who can study abroad is fortunate; but, of course, it is not easy to make the_____ from one culture to another.
A transaction
B transportation
C transmission
D transition
2 . Skilled technicians and advanced technologies enable us to build uncompromised quality into all our cars, because our first_____ is bringing you pleasure for years to come.
A prestige
B benefit
C privilege
D priority
3 . The camel is _____ by the ability to go for quite a few days without water.
A summarized
B symbolized
C characterized
D represented
4 . He hated the war so much that he decided to leave the army ______.
A for long
B once in a while
C for good
D once upon a time
5 . What I am telling you is strictly______. Do not let anyone know of it.
A secretive
B special
C individual
D confidential
6 . Julie is one of those women who always_____ the latest fashions.
A put up with
B come up with
C get on with
D keep up with
7 . If a cat comes too close to its nest, the mocking bird (initiates) a set of actions to protect its offspring.
A hastens
B triggers
C devises
D releases
8 . Music often____ us of events in the past.
A remembers
B memorizes
C reminds
D reflects
9 . Herman’s success is due to his hard work and his ability to (formulate) plans which will get work done efficiently.
A fulfill
B approve
C conceive
D conduct
10 . Today black children in South Africa are still (reluctant) to study subjects from which they were effectively barred for so long.
A anxious
B curious
C opposed
D unwilling
11 . He was ____ enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.
A intelligent
B efficient
C proficient
D diligent
12 . Many new_____ will be opened up in the future for those with a university education.
A opportunities
B realities
C necessities
D probabilities
13 . When the big bills for mother’s hospital care came, father was glad he had money in the bank to ______.
A fall short of
B fall through
C fall back on
D fall in with
14 . Children usually (take after) both parents because they inherit characteristics from both the mother and the father.
A inherit
B like
C assemble
D resemble
15 . People of (diverse) backgrounds now fly to distant places for pleasure, business or education.
A different
B distinctive
C similar
D separate
16 . He (was confronted with) many difficulties, which, with the help of his friends, he successfully overcame.
A was opposed by
B was faced with
C was happy with
D was caused by
17 . The agency’s ruling (crippled) their plans.
A enhanced
B prompted
C impaired
D advanced
18 . The new device can (regulate) the amount of oil that goes into the truck.
A reduce
B relate
C control
D process
19 . It is necessary to make an (abstract) while writing a report.
A index
B analysis
C discussion
D summary
20 . Failure to control the growth of international debt will also (constrain) living standards.
A enhance
B reinforce
C restrain
D stabilize
21 . Successful leaders _____ events rather than react to them.
A conquer
B dominate
C determine
D contest
22 . In the law court, the suspect couldn’t ______ his time at that time.
A count on
B account
C account for
D count
23 . That old film (evoked) our father generation's memories of the years of the war.
A annoyed
B irritated
C roused
D advocated
24 . She always handles the problems ____ her own experience and principles.
A in the light of
B in the event of
C in the face of
D in the course of
25 . There is no denial that in the tropical area there is a high_____ of malaria.
A incident
B incidence
C accident
D precedent
26 . Their (assumption) that their project under way was something entirely new proved to be untrue.
A multiplication
B emotion
C supposition
D emission
27 . Two (substitutes) were used during the basketball games.
A players
B centers
C referees
D replacement
28 . Our readers are comfortable with our clear, ______ words that inform and entertain them.
A convention
B concise
C creative
D crucial
29 . Why does a vegetarian restaurant make its dishes resemble meat in every way except_____?
A ingredients
B elements
C components
D compounds
30 . The government will try to _____for those who were exposed to radiation.
A compete
B compensate
C complain
D compose
31 . The author of the book has shown his remarkably keen ______ into human nature.
A intellect
B insight
C perception
D understanding
32 . ______ being fun and good exercise, swimming is a very useful skill.
A Rather than
B Apart from
C Instead of
D Owing to
33 . The idea of being evaluated by_____ makes some managers uneasy.
A substance
B subsidy
C subordinates
D subsequence
34 . As the rubber business (declined) in South America, Brazil turned to the production of coffee.
A was prosperous
B failed
C was on an incline
D was kept back
35 . A long journey in cold weather is (dreadfully) tiring.
A unfortunately
B terribly
C noticeably
D predictably
36 . The salesman approached the house (cautiously) because of the vicious dog.
A nervously
B bravely
C arefully
D deliberately
37 . A teacher should not show (preference) for any one of his pupils.
A deferment
B conception
C partiality
D capacity
38 . All these actions by the NATO (conflicted) with the universally accepted international laws.
A assumed
B resumed
C intercepted
D collided
39 . The new tax policy was (denounced) in the newspaper.
A welcomed
B criticized
C deleted
D rejected
40 . Sometimes, the messages are conveyed through (deliberate), conscious gestures; other times, our bodies talk without our even knowing.
A definite
B intentional
C delicate
D interactive
41 . These newly unearthed cultural relics on the origin of Chinese characters ____ the intelligence of our remote ancestors.
A manifest
B magnify
C maintain
D manipulate
42 . He was acquitted in _____ of strong evidence of his guilt.
A defense
B deficit
C default
D defect
43 . England’s team, who are now superbly fit, will be doing their best next week to _____ themselves for last year’s defeat.
A revive
B retort
C revenge
D remedy
44 . Gazing at others' eyes generally signals a request for information and perhaps affection, but embarrassment can ______ too long a mutual gaze.
A bring forward
B result in
C bring out
D result from
45 . The island where these rare birds nest has been declared a _____.
A observation
B reservation
C preservation
D conservation
46 . Although buses in this district are (scheduled) to depart at a certain hour, they are often late.
A planned
B requested
C obligated
D loaded
47 .  Important and populous (人口众多的) low or medium-income countries are not yet willing to (assume) legal commitments about their energy uses.
A suppose
B presume
C undertake
D transmit
48 . After a terrible accident, he has lost the (faculty) of memory.
A degree
B type
C ability
D feeling
49 . A lot of people could fall ill after drinking (contaminated) water.
A muddled
B polluted
C mixed
D troubled
50 . The racial killings at the weekend have (triggered off) a wave of protests throughout the country.
A witnessed
B activated
C transferred
D trifled
51 . I wanted to go out, but I had no money. I had no (alternative) but to staying at home.
A reluctance
B mischief
C egoism
D choice
52 . We are now in an age where the public can have ______ to information that enables it to make its own judgments.
A access
B reach
C approach
D touch
53 . We are allowed to ______ our notes now and then in answering these questions.
A contribute to
B attribute to
C respond to
D refer to
54 . Under the guidance of the teacher, the pupils are building a model boat   _____by steam.
A towed
B pressed
C tossed
D propelled
55 . Having finished their morning work, the clerks stood up behind their desks, _____ themselves.
A expanding
B stretching
C prolonging
D extending
56 . I prefer ______ coffee to tea.
A immediate
B instant
C instance
D instinct
57 . This kind of pop music seems to (appeal to) younger generation.
A instruct
B interest
C resort to
D persuade
58 . Diligence and bravery are the typical (attributes) of Chinese people.
A qualities
B mistakes
C superiority
D definition
59 . The politician made a (vigorous) speech in defence of the government.
A vivacious
B descriptive
C energetic
D attractive
60 . The dental work made a (profound) change in her appearance.
A thorough
B provocative
C proper
D interesting
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